Types of Contraceptives available

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

As by WHO, about 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and two million girls under the age of 15 give birth every year. Worldwide, one in five girls has given birth by the age of 18. In the poorest regions of the world, this figure rises to over one in three girls. In an another survey on abortions, by Global Abortion Summary by Wm. Robert Johnston., it is estimated that current global monthly average is 1,039,000 abortions. 

On a look at overgrowing statistics of teen pregnancy who under trimesters instead of semesters, I thought this post could bring the awareness of what a contraceptive is and how far it could help them avoid pregnancy and what are the types of contraceptives available.

Contraceptive: It is a means to avoid pregnancy to be consumed as per any physician's advice. It helps women plan if and when they want to have a baby.

  • Condoms: It is suitable for young and unmarried couples. It not only acts as the contraceptive. It also reduces any sort of disease transmission says Dr Christopher NG, Obstetrician and Gynecologist of GynaeMD Women's and Rejuvenation clinic.
  • Injectables: An injection can be administered every three months to prevent pregnancy. But this injection procedure witnessess the side effects like dizziness, spots and mood changes can be difficult to control as the harmones cannot be removed from the body. Requires regular visit to clinic.
  • Contrceptive Patch: This is a thin patch containing harmones. It is stuck onto the abdomen, thigh, buttocks or on the upper arm to allow harmones to be released continously into the bloodstream through the skin. The patch withstands for three weeks. Though some people experience some skin irritation, it is a reliable one when used properly.
  • Birth Control PillsThe Pill is a tablet containing two female hormones – an oestrogen and a progestogen. The two hormones stop you from ovulating (producing an egg) each month. And if you don't ovulate, you won't get pregnant. In addition, the hormones thicken the secretions round your cervix, making it more difficult for sperm to get through. Also, they make the lining of your womb thinner, so that it’s less receptive to an egg. Fertility can return almost immediately after stopping the pill. Some women who have irregular periods or a fertility problems may face a delay in becoming pregnant after stopping it. 
  • Intrauterine Contraceptive Device: The Intrauterine contraceptive device generally abbreviated as IUCD is a device placed inside the woman's uterus. It is highly effective and convenient long-term contraception. Unless the Doctor's or professional's help it cannot be placed or taken back.

Treating Blood Pressure step by step

Monday, August 13, 2012

Many doctors tend to treat hypertension with drugs. However National Institute of Health, India suggest that physicians carefully weigh treatment options, taking into consideration of many factors to undergo a stepped approach..The factors include:

  • patient's age
  • race
  • presence of other disorders
The objective is to reduce and maintain a blood pressure level below 140/90 and lower for people with other conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

  1. Headache
  2. Heart palpitation
  3. A tough time catching your breath after exertion
  4. Fatigue
  5. A flushed face
  6. Blurry Vision
  7. Nosebleeds
  8. A strong need to urinate often(especially during the night)
  9. Tinnitus( a ringing or buzzing in ears)
  10. Vertigo ( feelings that you or the world is spinning dizzily)

Step by Step approach to treat High Blood Pressure

Step 1: Adopting healthy lifestyle

This is an effective first step in both preventing and controlling high blood pressure. These include losing weight, increasing physical activity(walking 30min. per day can help), following a healthy eating plan that emphasis fruits, vegetables and low fat dairy foods, choosing and preparing foods with less salt and sodium and if you drink alcoholic beverages drinking in moderation.

If your diastolic pressure is constantly more than 105, there is no question about it. You should be taking medication as prescribed by the physician to lower blood pressure.

If lifestyle changes alone are not effective in keeping your pressure controlled, it may be necessary to add blood pressure medication.

Step 2: Therapy

If your blood pressure does not respond to lifestyle modifications alone, the physician will go for a combination of lifestyle change and first-line anti hypertensive medication therapy.


Once the blood pressure is brought down to safe levels, slowly reduce the dosage of anti-hypertensives and try to maintain the blood pressure with lifestyle intervention. This will minimize the side effects associated with the long term consumption of these drugs which can be severe in some cases.

If you have any side effect from your medicines, talk to your doctor. He or She may be able to adjust the doses or prescribe other medicines. You should not decide on your own to stop taking your medicines.

Jag Therapy

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