As by WHO, about 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and two million girls under the age of 15 give birth every year. Worldwide, one in five girls has given birth by the age of 18. In the poorest regions of the world, this figure rises to over one in three girls. In an another survey on abortions, by Global Abortion Summary by Wm. Robert Johnston., it is estimated that current global monthly average is 1,039,000 abortions.
On a look at overgrowing statistics of teen pregnancy who under trimesters instead of semesters, I thought this post could bring the awareness of what a contraceptive is and how far it could help them avoid pregnancy and what are the types of contraceptives available.
Contraceptive: It is a means to avoid pregnancy to be consumed as per any physician's advice. It helps women plan if and when they want to have a baby.
- Condoms: It is suitable for young and unmarried couples. It not only acts as the contraceptive. It also reduces any sort of disease transmission says Dr Christopher NG, Obstetrician and Gynecologist of GynaeMD Women's and Rejuvenation clinic.
- Injectables: An injection can be administered every three months to prevent pregnancy. But this injection procedure witnessess the side effects like dizziness, spots and mood changes can be difficult to control as the harmones cannot be removed from the body. Requires regular visit to clinic.
- Contrceptive Patch: This is a thin patch containing harmones. It is stuck onto the abdomen, thigh, buttocks or on the upper arm to allow harmones to be released continously into the bloodstream through the skin. The patch withstands for three weeks. Though some people experience some skin irritation, it is a reliable one when used properly.
- Birth Control Pills: The Pill is a tablet containing two female hormones – an oestrogen and a progestogen. The two hormones stop you from ovulating (producing an egg) each month. And if you don't ovulate, you won't get pregnant. In addition, the hormones thicken the secretions round your cervix, making it more difficult for sperm to get through. Also, they make the lining of your womb thinner, so that it’s less receptive to an egg. Fertility can return almost immediately after stopping the pill. Some women who have irregular periods or a fertility problems may face a delay in becoming pregnant after stopping it.
- Intrauterine Contraceptive Device: The Intrauterine contraceptive device generally abbreviated as IUCD is a device placed inside the woman's uterus. It is highly effective and convenient long-term contraception. Unless the Doctor's or professional's help it cannot be placed or taken back.